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高一英语牛津版(上)chapter six

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[00:01.78]Food for Thought

[00:02.61]Debbie and Simon are in a restaurant.

[00:04.02]It is a holiday,so they have plenty of time for lunch.

[00:05.88]'Well,we don't need to hurry with lunch today Simon,

[00:07.97]so I think I'll have a mixed grill steak,pork chops,chicken and sausages.

[00:11.42]Sound good to you?'

[00:12.49]'Sounds horrible to me.

[00:13.84]I'm having a salad.No more bits of dead animals for me.

[00:16.25]From now on,only vegetables,fruit, cereal,beans and nuts,

[00:19.54]and occasionally milk, cheese,eggs and bean curd.I've become a vegetarian.'

[00:23.54]'Since when?''Since the weekend.I saw a TV programme that really made me think.

[00:26.98]'Another one?You're always influenced by these programmes,Simon.

[00:29.44]Last month,it was one about religion,

[00:30.93]and you thought about becoming a nun.''A monk.''All right,a monk.

[00:32.84]The month before,it was space and you thought you'd ...'

[00:35.13]'This is different, Debbie.

[00:36.39]Do you know there'd be no more famines if we used land

[00:38.84]to grow food for people instead of cattle?

[00:40.62]And do you know that a lot of the animals we need for food

[00:43.05]have to spend their whole lives crowded together

[00:45.06]in tiny spaces until they're killed?

[00:47.02]What's more, animals kept in these conditions can easily catch disease,

[00:49.97]so they have to be given drugs.

[00:51.41]These drugs may still be in their flesh when we eat it,

[00:53.42]and may be dangerous to our health.'

[00:54.99]'Ah!Here's my mixed grill.Yes,Simon, carry on.'

[00:57.13]'There's another reason for becoming a vegetarian-a religious one.

[00:59.17]Some people believe that we have a soul which,after we die,can return to...'

[01:02.09]'Simon,if you're trying to put me off my lunch,you won't succeed.

[01:04.86]There are experts who think that we need to eat meat

[01:06.72]because it contains vitamins and minerals not found in vegetables.

[01:09.28]And vegetables can also be dangerous to eat,you know.

[01:11.60]Lots of people are made very ill by the pesticides on them.Some even...'

[01:14.08]'All right,Debbie. We can argue again later.Let's change the subject.

[01:16.93]Do you know where I can buy some...?'

[01:18.21]LISTENING page 98

[01:19.41]Completing an order form.

[01:20.56]Listen to these conversation.

[01:21.66]A woman and then a man order some food from the Cornershop cafe.

[01:24.01]Record the information on you phone.

[01:25.26]The first item is done for you.

[01:26.54]A:Hello!Cornershop cafe.May I help you?

[01:28.48]B:I'd like to order some food and drinks for you to deliver to our office.

[01:30.59]Are you ready?

[01:31.45]A:Yes,go ahead!

[01:32.87]B:I'd like a pizza, please.

[01:34.43]A:What sort of pizza would you like?

[01:35.76]B:A vegetarian pizza.

[01:36.89]A:Right.

[01:37.67]B:And salad,just green salad.

[01:39.42]A:One green salad.

[01:40.62]B:And one orange.

[01:41.75]A:That's an orange,not an orange juice?

[01:43.63]B:Right.

[01:44.59]A:Anything else?

[01:45.61]B:Yes,I'll have a mineral water, please.

[01:47.44]A:One mineral water.Anything else?

[01:49.51]B:Er...I think my colleague may want to order something.

[01:51.57]Just a moment please Jeffery,do you want to order some food from the Cornershop?

[01:54.47]C:Yes,hold on.I'm coming.

[01:56.09]B:Yes.He wants to order something,here,I'll pass you over to him.

[01:58.62]C:Hello!

[01:59.69]A:Er...yes,sir.What would you like?

[02:01.16]C:I'm hungry,I'll have a Cheeseburger,Chips.

[02:03.45]A:A cheeseburger, chips?

[02:05.07]C:Yes,I'm just looking at your menu.What's a meat lover's pizza?

[02:07.48]A:That has sausage,ham,bacon,beef,pork and pepper ronny on it.

[02:10.98]C:It sounds great,I'll have one of those.

[02:10.98]A:One meat lover's pizza.Anything to drink,sir?

[02:13.20]C:Yes,two Pepsis,please.Just a moment.

[02:15.16]A:What?Oh,I see.

[02:16.41]C:Er...Someone's given me a note,we want another cheeseburger.

[02:18.81]A Tuna Salad and a fruit salad.

[02:20.85]A:So now is two cheeseburgers,a Tuna salad,and what was the last thing,sir? [02:24.20]C:A fruit salad, oh,and one Iced Tea.

[02:26.16]A:One Iced Tea, anything else?

[02:27.96]C:No,I think that's all,thanks!

[02:29.16]A:It's 11:30 now,when would you like it,sir?

[02:30.91]C:At 12:30,please.

[02:32.14]A:12:30.And may I have the name and the address,please?

[02:34.46]C:Yes,I'm Adam Tucker.

[02:36.11]A:Mr Tucker,it's that T-U-C-K-E-R.

[02:39.63]C:Yes,that's right. Our company's name is Brittas.

[02:41.72]That's B-R-I-T-T-A-S,and we're in Room 1512 Devon building,that's D-E-V-O-N.

[02:49.14]A:Room 1512,Devon building.

[02:51.49]Right,we'll have your order there at 12:30.

[02:53.40]Thank you very much,sir.

[02:54.45]C:Thanks!We'll look forward to it. Good-bye[02:55.93]A:Good-bye!

[02:56.67]SPEAKING page 103

[02:57.97]A TALK TIME

[02:59.04]Expressing feelings;responding to happenings

[03:00.92]Exercise A1

[03:02.02]SIMON:Hi,Lily, nice day.

[03:03.46]LILY:Lovely!

[03:04.42]SIMON:What are you looking so happy about?

[03:05.81]LILY:I'm starting to put on weight again.

[03:04.81]SIMON:That's terrific!You were looking very thin.

[03:06.85]LILY:But I'm not eating more food,you know.

[03:08.39]SIMON:You're kidding!

[03:09.28]LILY:It's true.

[03:10.22]SIMON:Tell me more.

[03:11.18]LILY:Sorry,Simon.Some other time.Got a train to catch.See you.

[03:13.64]MORE LANGUAGE INPUT(6) Reading page 106

[03:15.81]Neither too little,nor too much.

[03:16.96]Many people believe that sugar is bad for your health;

[03:18.39]others say that sugar is the best source of energy.

[03:19.88]We also hear similar conflicting arguments

[03:21.37]about meat between vegetarians and meat-eaters.

[03:22.83]Who is right and what is your opinion?

[03:24.09]Are you easily influenced by one piece of advice today

[03:25.58]and then by another one tomorrow?

[03:26.73]Obviously,you might think that going to extremes is not the right way,

[03:28.82]for the importance of having a variety of food in one's diet is quite clear today.

[03:30.75]Scientists have again and again warned us

[03:32.19] that a lack of certain kinds of food is dangerous,

[03:31.19]especially for children,

[03:32.23]because without a balanced diet their bodies cannot grow properly.

[03:33.72]Scientists have also told us that having too much of anything,

[03:35.47]including one's favorite food, is equally dangerous.

[03:37.09]They say,for example,

[03:38.50]children who eat lots of cheeseburgers and milk shakes

[03:39.96]will increase the risk of heart attack.

[03:41.11]Therefore,it seems that perhaps the most intelligent thing for us to do

[03:43.04]is not to eat first but to read first.

[03:44.35]Scientist information about the body's needs for fats and proteins,

[03:46.39]for minerals and vitamins,

[03:47.54]can help us decide on the right choice and the right amount.

[03:49.11]And it can also help us tell facts from misleading opinions.

[03:50.78]LISTENING page 107

[03:52.29]Exercise B1

[03:53.36]Listen to the nutritional values of these foods.

[03:54.72]One cup or glass of Whole milk has 165 calories.

[03:56.84]One cup or glass of Skimmed or powdered milk has 90 calories.

[03:58.88]One large fried egg has 100 calories.

[04:00.39]One fried chicken leg or thigh has 245 calories.

[04:02.56]Four ounces or five fried fish fingers have 200 calories.

[04:04.60]A 3-inch diameter hamburger has 501 calories.

[04:06.66]A half cup flower buds of cauliflower has 15 calories.

[04:08.44]One 6 in long banana has 85 calories.

[04:10.19]One medium sides raw apple has 70 calories.

[04:11.81]A 3/4 cup of cooked white rice has 150 calories.

[04:13.90]A three quarter cup of noodles has 150 calories.

[04:15.72]20 roasted peanuts have 105 calories.

[04:17.50]Exercise B2

[04:18.55]Listen to some statements.Supply the missing words.

[04:20.61]1.Tables are often easier to understand than sentences or paragraphs.

[04:23.25]2.In the above table of nutritional values of some foods,

[04:25.18]'x' stands for present

[04:26.38]'xx' stands for rich,

[04:27.56]'xxx' stands for very rich,

[04:29.02]'-' stands for just a trace and 'o' for none.

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