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《An Education》 成长教育 直面人性阴暗的那一面

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2020年03月24日

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No.051 《An Education》 成长教育 直面人性阴暗的那一面

英文导读

An Education is a 2009 British coming-of-age drama film, based on a memoir of the same name by British journalist Lynn Barber. The film was directed by Lone Scherfig from a screenplay by Nick Hornby, and stars Carey Mulligan as Jenny, a bright schoolgirl, and Peter Sarsgaard as David, the charming con man who seduces her.

A suburban London teen finds her traditional education replaced by something slightly more sinister when an older, more worldly suitor sweeps her off of her feet while placing her future in jeopardy. London, 1961: 16-year-old Jenny (Carey Mulligan) is smart, attractive, and eager to start her adult life. She's grown tired of the familiar adolescent routine, so when urbane newcomer David (Peter Sarsgaard) appears in town, Jenny senses a rare opportunity to shake things up a bit. Quickly falling under David's spell, the impressionable Jenny begins accompanying her newfound beau to classical concerts, art auctions, crowded pubs, and dinners that stretch into the small hours of the night. But Jenny is brighter than most kids her age, and her parents always dreamt of getting their exceptional daughter into Oxford. These days it seems like she's headed in a different direction—will David ultimately be her undoing, or the person who helps her finally realize her true potential?

An Education premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival to critical acclaim. It screened on 10 September 2009 at the Toronto International Film Festival and was featured at the Telluride by the Sea Film Festival in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA, on 19 September 2009. The film was shown on 9 October 2009, at the Mill Valley Film Festival. It was released in the US on 16 October 2009 and in the UK on 30 October 2009.

The film currently holds a 94 percent "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 177 critics' reviews. It grossed £1,633,504 from its domestic release and$26,096,852 worldwide.

An Education won the Audience Choice award and the Cinematography award at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival. Mulligan won a Hollywood Film Festival award for Best Hollywood Breakthrough Performance for a Female. It was selected as Sight & Sound's film of the month. The film was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Actress for Carey Mulligan and Best Adapted Screenplay. The 63rd British Academy Film Awards saw the film come away with one award (for Best Actress) from nine nominations. The film received six British Independent Film Awards nominations and five Satellite Awards nominations.

《An Education》 成长教育 直面人性阴暗的那一面

获奖情况

2010年第82届奥斯卡:最佳影片提名、最佳女主角提名、最佳改编剧本提名。

影片信息

导演:罗勒·莎菲

编剧:尼克·霍恩比、琳·巴贝尔

主演:凯瑞·穆里根、彼得·萨斯加德、阿尔弗雷德·莫里纳、多米尼克·库珀

类型:剧情

制片国家(地区):英国

上映日期:2009-10-08(英国)

片长:95分钟

又名:《少女失乐园》《名媛教育》

剧情简介

16岁的珍妮是一个聪明、开朗的小姑娘,在英国伦敦乡下一所女子学校的预科班读书,成绩卓越,是所有人预期中可以考上牛津大学的好学生。

在她遇见大卫之前,她一直是一个乖乖女。大卫是一位成熟时髦、风趣迷人的男人。珍妮闪电般地与他陷入爱河,不可自拔。大卫带她见识了大都市的灯红酒绿和浮华奢靡,这一直是她非常向往的生活。

她从来未曾想过,为什么这种生活如此轻易地就能得到。很快她就沉迷其中,备考牛津大学被抛到脑后。和大卫在一起的日子,看起来是如此美妙。可惜,现实往往不会那么美好,一个真相给了珍妮当头一棒。自此,她从一个天真活泼的女学生变成了一个世故圆滑的女人,她开始反思这种生活是否真的是她想要的……

制作花絮

本片本来是由英国导演比班·基德龙执导,但是后来他去拍了另外一个电影,当时彼得·萨斯加德的戏份已经开拍,制片方最后选择了罗勒·莎菲作为导演,因为她和编剧尼克·霍恩比属于伦敦的同一家经纪公司,而且她也非常感性,对事物的感知能力很强。

该片荣获2009年圣丹斯电影节人民选择奖和摄影奖两项大奖。

电影改编自记者琳恩·巴伯的回忆录,剧本由尼克·霍恩比编写,该剧本曾被《综艺》杂志评为“2007年未被拍出的最优秀的英国剧本”之一。

《An Education》 成长教育 直面人性阴暗的那一面

重点学习

Jenny senses a rare opportunity to shake things up a bit

在英语中,shake up作为一个固定搭配,有“改组,使重新组合”的意思,所以文中shake things up a bit可以理解为“改变一些事情;做一些改变”的意思,比如:Danny has looked more or less the same as long as we've known her, so if she wants to shake things up a bit, that's her prerogative.(丹尼现在看上去的样子和我们最初认识她时其实并没有多大差异,那么,要是她想做一些改变,就随她去吧。)

Quickly falling under David's spell

在文中,spell作为名词使用,不是“拼写”的意思,而是“魅力,吸引力”的意思,fall under是英语中一个固定搭配,有“受到…(影响、控制),隶属于”的意思,所以文中这句话可译为“很快就被大卫的魅力所吸引”。比如:Although some of the material you read will be very persuasive, do not fall under the spell of the printed word as authority.(即使你所阅读某一部分材料非常有说服力,也不要将印刷字当作具有魔力的权威,俯身膜拜。)

单词时间

memoir[ˈmemwɑ:] n. 回忆录;研究报告;自传;实录

charming[ˈtʃɑ:miŋ] adj. 迷人的;可爱的

suburban[səˈbə:bən] adj. 郊区的,城郊的;土气的;见闻不广的

sinister[ˈsinistə] adj. 阴险的;凶兆的;灾难性的;左边的

suitor[ˈsju:tə] n. 求婚者;请愿者;起诉人

jeopardy[ˈdʒepədi] n. 危险;[律](被告处于被判罪或受处罚的)危险境地

urbane[ə:ˈbein] adj. 彬彬有礼的,温文尔雅的;都市化的

beau[bəu] n. 花花公子;喜修饰者;情郎

undoing[ˌʌnˈdu:iŋ] n. 毁灭;取消;毁灭的原因

festival[ˈfestəvəl] n. 节日;庆祝,纪念活动;欢乐

breakthrough[ˈbreikθru:] n. 突破;突破性进展


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