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《Black Swan》 黑天鹅 那些深藏在心底的黑暗花朵

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2020年02月13日

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No.011 《Black Swan》 黑天鹅 那些深藏在心底的黑暗花朵

英文导读

Black Swan is a 2010 American psychological thriller and horror film directed by Darren Aronofsky and starring Natalie Portman, Vincent Cassel, and Mila Kunis. The plot revolves around a production of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ballet by a prestigious New York City company. The production requires a ballerina to play the innocent and fragile White Swan, for which the committed dancer Nina (Portman) is a perfect fit, as well as the dark and sensual Black Swan, which are qualities embodied by the new arrival Lily (Kunis). Nina is overwhelmed by a feeling of immense pressure when she finds herself competing for the part, causing her to lose her tenuous grip on reality and descend into a living nightmare.

Aronofsky conceived the premise by connecting his viewings of a production of Swan Lake with an unrealized screenplay about understudies and the notion of being haunted by a double, similar to the folklore surrounding doppelgängers. Aronofsky cites Fyodor Dostoyevsky's "The Double" as another inspiration for the film. The director also considered Black Swan a companion piece to his 2008 film The Wrestler, with both films involving demanding performances for different kinds of art. He and Portman first discussed the project in 2000, and after a brief attachment to Universal Studios, Black Swan was produced in New York City in 2009 by Fox Searchlight Pictures. Portman and Kunis trained in ballet for several months prior to filming, and notable figures from the ballet world helped with film production to shape the ballet presentation.

The film premiered as the opening film for the 67th Venice International Film Festival on September 1, 2010. It had a limited release in the United States starting December 3, 2010 and opened nationwide on December 17. Black Swan received critical praise upon its release, particularly for Portman's performance and Aronofsky's direction, and was a significant box office success, grossing $329 million worldwide.

The film received five Academy Award nominations and Portman won the Best Actress award for the film, as well as many other Best Actress awards in several guilds and festivals, while Aronofsky was nominated for Best Director. In addition, the film itself received a nomination for Best Picture.

获奖情况

2012年第84届奥斯卡:最佳女主角奖,并荣获最佳影片提名、最佳导演提名、最佳摄影提名、最佳剪辑提名。

《Black Swan》 黑天鹅 那些深藏在心底的黑暗花朵

影片信息

导演:达伦·阿伦诺夫斯基

编剧:安德雷斯·海因斯、马克·海曼

主演:娜塔莉·波特曼、米拉·库妮丝、薇诺娜·瑞德、文森特·卡索尔

类型:剧情、惊悚

制片国家(地区):美国

上映日期:2010-12-17(美国)

片长:108分钟、103分钟(威尼斯电影节)

又名:《夺命黑天鹅》

剧情简介

尼娜(娜塔莉·波特曼 饰)是一个自幼练习芭蕾舞的资深芭蕾舞演员,为了从《天鹅湖》的海选中脱颖而出,她努力地练习着芭蕾舞。

《天鹅湖》剧团的总监托马斯(文森特·卡索尔 饰)要求领舞要分饰黑天鹅与白天鹅,在竞争中,尼娜发现心机颇重的丽莉(米拉·库妮丝 饰)是自己的强劲对手。但是她不确定竞争对手是一个超自然的幻象,亦或只是她自己出现的错觉。

在选拔中,她把白天鹅表演的无可挑剔,但是黑天鹅不及丽莉。她感到身心俱疲,回家还发现了背部的红斑与脚伤。

这时候,她找到托马斯,希望可以得到机会,这时候,托马斯趁机亲吻她,遭到了她的拒绝。她原本以为一切没有希望了,谁知道最后总监居然选了她。但是这却是她转变的开始。总监启发她要释放激情,表现出黑天鹅的诱惑。尼娜渐渐地开始更多发现自己的黑暗面,这可能会毁掉她。她似乎也滑向了黑天鹅的角色……

制作花絮

导演达伦·阿伦诺夫斯基认为《黑天鹅》和《摔跤手》是姐妹片。

剧组最早曾经考虑要在法国和匈牙利的布达佩斯拍摄全片。但是最终由于预算问题而放弃了这个想法。

影片最初的剧本叫做《替补演员》,故事全部发生在纽约大剧院内。阿伦诺夫斯基很喜欢这个剧本,但是建议把故事改成芭蕾舞演员的生活。

为了拍摄好那些发生在后台的故事,阿伦诺夫斯基特意在林肯表演中心的后台观察那些演员们是如何准备上场和下场的。

男主演文森·卡索尔把自己在影片中的角色比作纽约芭蕾舞团的编舞大师乔治·巴兰钦。在卡索尔的眼中,巴兰钦是一个懂得指导舞者的狂热艺术家。

娜塔莉·波特曼推荐自己的好朋友米拉·库妮丝扮演丽莉。米拉·库妮丝从小就接受过专业的芭蕾舞训练。阿罗诺夫斯基用网络电话的视频聊天就确定了让米拉·库妮丝扮演丽莉,并没有正式试镜。

《Black Swan》 黑天鹅 那些深藏在心底的黑暗花朵

重点学习

For which the committed dancer Nina (Portman) is a perfect fit, as well as the dark and sensual Black Swan

As well as是英语中一个常用的固定搭配,在文中是“同…一样(也);和…一样”的意思,比如:The captain as well as the passenger was frightened.(船长和旅客一样受惊。)As well as常常译为“也;还”,比如:A teacher should entertain as well as teach.(教师不仅要教书,也要引起学生兴趣。)另外,它还有“既…又…;不亚于…;此外”等意思。

Causing her to lose her tenuous grip on reality and descend into a living nightmare

Descend作为不及物动词使用时,常常是“下降;下去;下来;遗传”的意思,其后常接介词into,即descend into,是“下到…内,降入;落进”的意思,比如:It could descend into chaos and he would be held responsible.(这将会堕入一片混乱中,而他将要负起全部责任。)

单词时间

psychological[ˌpsaikəˈlɔdʒikəl] adj. 心理的;心理学的;精神上的

ballerina[ˌbæləˈri:nə] n. 芭蕾舞女演员,芭蕾舞女

fragile[ˈfrædʒail] adj. 脆的;易碎的

sensual[ˈsensjuəl] adj. 感觉的;肉欲的;世俗的;感觉论的

tenuous[ˈtenjuəs] adj. 纤细的;稀薄的;贫乏的

understudy[ˈʌndəˌstʌdi] n. 候补演员;替工

folklore[ˈfəuklɔ:] n. 民俗学;民间传说;民间风俗

attachment[əˈtætʃmənt] n. 附件;依恋;连接物;扣押财产

presentation[ˌprezənˈteiʃən] n. 描述,陈述;介绍;赠送


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