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新视野大学英语听说教程第一册unit 3

所属教程:新视野大学英语听说教程第一册

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Unit 3

Warming Up

What is important for living a life meaning? Successfully passing the tests for your graduation? Or a handsome(丰厚的,大量的)six-figure income? Both of them are nothing compared to the lessons taught to you by simple people with good hearts.

Read The Right Person for the Time and you will be aware of what is really important in life---give and sacrifice(牺牲). For a meaningful life, you must give your time, wealth, or whatever, to those who are in need. This takes courage, faith(信念,信任, and strength.

Stay with us and be ready to give and sacrifice. The rewards for doing so are great. Give and sacrifice is the choice to make you great, loving, and helpful to others. Doing it also brings more meaning to your life.

Understanding Short Conversations

Now you will hear ten short conversations. A question will follow each conversation. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

1. W: In order to have a meaningful life, you must be ready to give and sacrifice.

M: I agree totally. And I try to remember this every day.

Q: What will be possible if you give and sacrifice according to the woman?

2. W: Do you think we should give aid to people in need?

M: I think it’s the least we should do for them.

Q: What should be done for people in need, according to the man?

3. M: Believe it or not, my baseball coach taught me a lot about being kind.

W: That really isn’t so unusual. After all, it isn’t always parents who teach us.

Q: Who taught the man to be kind?

4. W: Why do you let your little sister cling to you all the time?

M: Since our parents died, she needs me more. I can’t push her away.

Q: Why does the little sister need the man more?

5. W: My mother never complained about hard work in front of the family.

M: Wow, that’s something to learn from!

Q: What did the woman’s mother never complain about?

6. W: You’ve got to meet my father. He’s handicapped(有生理缺陷的,智力低下的) and he has a lot to share.

M: I’d like to. You just tell me when.

Q: Why should the man meet the woman’s father?

7. M: I saw you talking to your mother at dusk(黄昏,日落).

W: Yeah, even though she’s busy she always finds time to talk to me. That’s why I love her so much.

Q: Why does the woman love her mother?

8. W: Hey, I heard you spend4 your evenings at the home for the elderly.

M: Some evenings. I’d like to go more, but I don’t have time.

Q: How does the man feel about going to the home for the elderly?

9. W: You are the first person to extend help when I needed it.

M: Don’t worry about it, that’s what friends are for.

Q: Why does the man tell the woman NOT to worry?

10. W: My mother never interrupted me while I told her my problems.

M: Sometimes that’s the best way to help someone.

Q: What did the mother do to help the woman?

注释:

1. try: 1) try to do sth. 努力做某事,想方设法做某事2) try doing sth. 试着做某事

2. least: little 的最高级 little— less—least

3. get: get经常用作及物动词,意为:得到,获得,等;但get也可用作不及物动词,用作不及物动词时,有三个常见用法:

1)用作助动词,与过去分词连用构成被动态,eg. They got married last week. 上星期他们结婚了。

2)后接不定式,意为:能够,有机会,设法做到,eg. He never got to go to collage. 他从无机会上大学。

3)后接动词-ing形式,意为:开始,eg. We soon got talking together.我们不久就一起聊了起来。

4. spend:花费(时间,钱财)做某事,他的搭配是sb. spends/spent time/money on doing sth./for sth.

另take 也有花费之意,他的搭配是:it takes/took sb. time/money to do sth.

Understanding a Long Conversation

Now you will hear a long conversation followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

W: I heard a bang on my way to class this morning.

M: Some guy brought a gun to school and tried to shoot someone.

W: You’re kidding! Is everyone OK?

M: Yeah. The teacher managed to take the gun from him.

W: Our history teacher?

M: That’s the one.

W: He never stops amazing me.

M: He was definitely the right person at the right time. After he hit the student and grabbed the gun, he talked to the boy about his problems. While I was on the phone with the police and the parents, he was holding the student. If I was not mistaken, I thought the student was crying.

W: Did the teacher help the boy solve his problems?

M: I don’t think so. The student was clearly bothered by something pretty big. I don’t think problems like that can be solved so quickly. But when the police came to take him away, our teacher told him that he would see him again.

1. What did the woman hear on her way to class?

2. Who managed to take the gun?

3. What was the teacher doing while the man was on the phone?

4. According to the man, what may have the student been doing?

5. Why does the man NOT think that the student’s problems were solved?

注释:

1. stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事

stop doing sth.停下来不要做

Understanding a Passage

Now you will hear a passage followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

The friendship and sympathy of a special person changed my life, and I’d like to tell you about it. Looking at me now, you might not guess that I was not very popular when I started my university studies. I was thin and didn’t look very handsome with my glasses. In fact, my classmates still laughed at(嘲笑)me, just as they did in high school.

One day, when I was leaving the science building, someone ran past me and knocked the books out of my hands.

I was feeling sad and lonely. But then, someone else approached1 me and helped me pick up2 my book. That day, I made my first university friend. Suddenly, life improved. I helped him with his studies. And he helped me with everything else. He taught me how to dress right, how to talk to girls, and above all, how to be social.

1. What changed the speaker’s life?

2. How was life at the university similar to the speaker’s life in high school?

3. What happened when the speaker was leaving the science building?

4. What did the speaker help his friend with?

5. What did the speaker’s friend help him with?

注释:

1. approach vt. 1)靠近,接近;eg. Walk softly as you approach the baby’s crib.当你走进婴儿床时,步子轻一点

2)(在数量,质量,性质等方面)近似,似于;eg. Few actors approach him in ability. 在才华方面很少有人和他媲美。

n. 1) 靠近,接近,临近;eg. the approach of night 夜幕的降临

2)(通常和to搭配)进入,入门,途径;eg. the approach to the building通往大厦的路径

3)(处理问题的)方法,方式,态度;eg. two basic approaches to the problem处理这个问题的两种基本方法

2. help sb. do sth./ help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

Homework

Supplementary Listening

Task 1

Now you will hear a long conversation followed by five questions. Listen carefully and choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

M: Hello?

W: Hello. I’m calling from the university.

M: I was hoping to hear from(收到…的来信) you. Have I been accepted(录取)?

W: We’ll send that information by mail. But that isn’t why I’m calling.

M: What can I do for you?

W: We’ve received your application to enter our school, but I’m afraid that you didn’t fill it all out. In the place where we request family information, you wrote that you have a mother and a younger sister.

M: Uh-huh.

W: Well, you didn’t mention anything about your father.

M: Is it necessary?

W: Yes. I’m afraid so. We like to keep complete records.

M: OK. The truth is that my father wasn’t around to help me in my growing up.

W: I’m sorry.

M: It’s fine. My mother taught me the value of being honest, working hard, and being kind. She did this while working two jobs.

W: She sounds great.

M: She is. And she’s the only real parent I have.

1. What was the man expecting to find out?

2. How will the university let the man know whether he is accepted or not?

3. Who did the man leave off of his form?

4. What do the people at the university feel it necessary to do?

5. Why is the man’s mother the only real parent he has?

Task 2

Now you will hear a passage followed by five questions. Listen carefully and

choose the best answer from the four possible choices.

Being nasty and impatient has advantages. For example, since I am not nice, I tend to get what I want. People listen to me, and I don’t have many problems.

There are people in this world who are caring. I suppose it is good that our world has such people, because they help others. Still, I try not to learn anything from these good people. Goodness, after all, has a price.

My friend is one of those good people. He once saved a child from a fire. He was the right man at the right time. The child was lucky. My friend was there and not me, because I would’ve been reluctant(不情愿的) to help. In fact, I probably wouldn’t have helped. Fires, you know, are dangerous.

By thinking about myself first, I’ve saved myself from being hurt or uncomfortable. But sometimes I wonder whether my friend has the better life.

1. What does the speaker think about being nasty and impatient?

2. Why is it good that the world has caring people?

3. Why does the speaker NOT want to be good?

4. How would the speaker have respond to the fire?

5. What does the speaker wonder about?

答案

Unit 3

Give and Sacrifice

Short Conversations1.C 2. C 3. A 4.C 5.D 6.B 7. A 8.C 9.D 10.D

Long Conversation1.A 2. B 3.D 4.A 5.C

Understanding a Passage1.B 2.C 3. A 4. C 5. B

Understanding a Movie Speech 1.agree , 2.suggestion, 3.France , 4.foreigners, 5.please,

6.fun, 7.twice, 8.hands, 9.happiness, 10. peace

Homework Listening

Task 1 1.C 2. D 3.B 4.D 5.C Task 2 1.C 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.C

Task 3 1. designed, 2.show, 3.experienced 4.organize, 5.pilot

6.observe, 7.expert, 8.emergency, 9.beating, 10.outdoor
 

 

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