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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第26课

LECTURE 17 基本动词 COME 9

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2020年05月23日

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LECTURE 17 基本动词 COME 9

词组讲解

1. come up ***发生;出现;地位上升;(为了攀谈等)走上前来;赶上

解 短语动词;词义溯源:开始[产生、成形(up)]

例 Hey, sorry I didn't come to your daughter's recital last night as I promised. Something came up and I had to take care of it. It was rather urgent, otherwise I certainly would have been there.

2. come up from behind ***赶上

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[从后方(from behind)]到来

例 My horse was at least two lengths ahead when suddenly this unknown horse called Lucky Lady came up from behind and took the lead. It was neck to neck all the way to the finish. Lucky Lady won by less than a head and I lost $250.

3. come up in the world **社会地位得以提高,发迹,功成名就

解 习语;词义溯源:来到世界的[上层(up)]

例 One sign of South Korea's growing affluence: the number of Koreans travelling overseas has grown some 300% over the past fifteen years. “We're coming up in the world and now we want to see it,” commented Lim Woo Jin, a travel advisor in a busy downtown Seoul travel agency.

4. come up with sb. or sth. ***(针对问题等)想出;找出,提供;赶上

解 短语动词;词义溯源:开始接近某人或某物

例 Isympathize with your financial difficulties, but unless you can come up with $ 300 by Thursday, I want you out of this apartment on Friday morning. I'm not running a charity house here. I have bills to pay and a family to provide for too.

5. come what may **不管发生什么,不论怎样

解 习语;词义溯源:[可能(may)]发生的事情;通常充当让步状语从句

例 Come what may, Prudential Insurance will be there to help you through the rough times of life. Prudential, the neighbor you can always rely on. Call 1-800-PRUDENT to learn more about the prudent insurance choice.

巩固练习

(A) come up

(B) come up from behind

(C) Coming up in the world

(D) come up with

(E) come what may

1. A: Fortune magazine's list of the world's top 500 companies will be out next week. I expect APEX Design will ______. B: Really? You really think they'll advance to a higher position on the list? I don't.

2. A: How many American movies do you think tell the story of some poor but ambitious young man improving his social standing through ingenuity and determination? B: Quite a few, I'd say. ______ is the American dream.

3. A: Who can supply us with a few boards of wood? Anybody? B: If it's just a few, I think I can ______ them.

4. A: He says that no matter what happens, he's going to support you. B: That's comforting to hear. Knowing that my father will be with me ______ gives me added determination to succeed.

5. A: If something unexpected causes you to miss your appointment, be sure to call Jin Su right away. B: Okay, but I really don't think anything will ______.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (D)

4. (E)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 嘿,很抱歉,我昨晚没有如约参加你女儿的独奏会。出了点事,我必须得去处理。事情非常紧急,否则我肯定会去的。

2. 我的马至少领先两个身长,突然一匹叫“幸运女士”的不知名的马从后面赶了上来,并获得领先。比赛结束的时候,两匹马几乎是齐头并进。“幸运女士”仅仅快了不到一个马头,而我输了250美元。

3. 韩国越来越富裕的一个标志是:在过去的15年,去国外旅游的韩国人数量增长了300%。对此,在首尔一家业务繁忙的旅行社担任旅游顾问的林佑振表示:“我们富裕了,现在我们想要看看这个世界。”

4. 你经济紧张,我表示同情,但是除非你在周四之前交来350美元,否则你必须在周五早上离开这间公寓。我这里不是开福利院的。我也得付账单,还要养家。

5. 不管发生什么事,明智保险将会帮你渡过生活中的难关。明智,您始终可以信赖的近邻。请拨打1-800-PRUDENT了解更多关于明智保险选择的信息。

II. 1. A:《财富》杂志将在下周推出全球500强公司的名单。我希望顶尖设计公司能够迎头赶上。B:真的吗?你真以为他们在名单上的排名能上升?我可不这么认为。

2. A:你觉得有多少美国电影讲述了雄心勃勃的穷小子因为脑子活、有决心而改善了社会地位的故事?B:应该说非常多。飞黄腾达就是美国梦。

3. A:谁能为我们提供几块木板?有没有?B:如果只要几块的话,我想我可以提供。

4. A:他说,不论发生什么事,他都会支持你的。B:那听起来真令人欣慰。知道父亲无论如何都会陪着我,我对取得胜利更有信心了。

5. A:如果有意外的事情使你错过约会,一定要立刻给金素打电话。B:好的,但是我真的不认为会发生什么事。


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