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高中语法专练:x. 关系副词why, that

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2020年05月23日

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x. 关系副词why, that

1. 先行词是reason并在从句中作原因状语时,用关系副词why引导从句,why=for which。

That's the reason why I didn't come to school.

那就是我没有来上学的原因。

I can never understand the reason why/for which he did that foolish thing.

我永远也不可能明白他为什么做了那件傻事。

2. 先行词是reason但是在从句中作主语或某些动词如explain, remember, forget等的宾语时,不能用why引导从句,这时要用that或which引导从句。

I can never understand the reason that/which he explained to me.

我永远也不理解他向我解释的原因。

3. that有时可用作关系副词,代替where, when或why引导从句,并且可以省略。

That was the year (that= in which) he was born.

他就是那年出生的。

This is the reason (that= for which) he didn't come.

这就是他没有来的原因。

4. 先行词是the way并在从句中作方式状语时,用in which/that引导从句或者不用关系词。不能用how引导从句。

This is the way (that=by which) we came last time.

这就是我们上次来的方式。

I don't like the way (that= in which) she looks at me.

我不喜欢她看我的那种方式。

专项练习

1. The reason _______ I write to you is to tell you about my new friend Henry.

A. because

B. why

C. for

D. as

2. Have you ever asked him the reason _______ may explain his absence?

A. why

B. when

C. that

D. what

3. I don' know the reason _______ she was late.

A. when

B. where

C. what

D. why

4. The gardener was called to tell the way _______ the poor dog had died.

A. that

B. which

C. A or D

D. in which

5. In English, words are not always spelled _______ they sound.

A. just same

B. the same as

C. the way

D. by the means

答案速查 1-5 BCDCC


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